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Objective: To identify the lessons learned from health communication and risk communication on the prevention and control of diseases caused by the same vector, to be help other regions intervention processes to intervene in this field.

Method: From a broad literature review of the past 10 years, 52 documents were analyzed between research articles, book chapters, government guidelines and letters to the editor found in different specialized databases.

Results: It was found that research on the evaluation and impact of these strategies is still limited, especially in the case of Chikungunya. Although it has been shown that the global recommended model for the case of dengue, produced by the same vector as Chikungunya, is COMBI -Communication for Behavioural Impact-, interventions still focuses on the IEC-Information, Education, and communication-model.

Conclusion: This lessons learned provide lights for a better planning of communication in future epidemics, where it is clear that the official spokesmen and the relationship with the media are also an important part of the success of these experiences.